Navigating Your Academic Success Demystifying SGPA and CGPA Calculations

How to calculate sgpa from cgpa

In the realm of higher education, acronyms like SGPA and CGPA hold significant importance, serving as indicators of academic performance. As students embark on their educational journeys, understanding the nuances of these terms becomes crucial. This article aims to demystify the process of calculating SGPA (Semester Grade Point Average) from CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average), shedding light on their meanings and the steps involved.

Understanding the Basics SGPA and CGPA

Before delving into the calculations, let’s establish a clear understanding of SGPA and CGPA. Both of these metrics are used to assess a student’s performance, but they pertain to different scopes.

CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) is an average of the Grade Points obtained across all semesters. It provides an overview of a student’s overall academic performance throughout their program.

SGPA (Semester Grade Point Average), on the other hand, is the average of Grade Points obtained in a specific semester. It offers insights into a student’s performance within a particular academic term.

Calculating SGPA from CGPA A Step-by-Step Guide

The process of calculating SGPA from CGPA involves breaking down the cumulative performance into individual semesters. Here’s a step-by-step guide

Gather Necessary Information

  • Before you embark on the calculation, ensure you have the following information
  • CGPA – Your cumulative grade point average.
  • Credits -The number of credits associated with each course in the semester you’re interested in calculating SGPA for.
  • Grades – The grades you received for each course in that semester.

Identify the Semester

Determine which semester you want to calculate the SGPA for. This will help you retrieve the relevant course grades and credits.

Calculate Semester Grade Points

For each course in the chosen semester.

1. Multiply the course credit by the corresponding grade points you received. Grade points are usually on a scale of 4.0, where A = 4.0, B = 3.0, C = 2.0, and so on.

2. Repeat this process for all courses in the semester.

3. Sum up all the products obtained in the previous step.

Calculate Total Credits

Add up the total credits for all the courses you took in the selected semester.

Calculate SGPA

Divide the total grade points obtained in Step 3 by the total credits calculated in Step 4.


The resulting value from Step 5 is your SGPA for the chosen semester. This value indicates your academic performance during that specific term. Higher SGPA values reflect better performance.


Take a moment to reflect on your SGPA. Understand which areas you excelled in and identify subjects that might require more attention. This analysis can guide your future study strategies and help you set academic goals.

Putting Theory into Practice An Example

Let’s consider an example to solidify the concept. Imagine a student named Alex who is in the third semester of their program. They have obtained a CGPA of 3.5 and have taken four courses this semester, each with the following details

Course 1 Grade – A, Credits – 4

Course 2 Grade – B, Credits – 3

Course 3 Grade – B+, Credits – 3

Course 4 Grade – A-, Credits – 2


1. Total Grade Points = (4 * 4.0) + (3 * 3.0) + (3 * 3.33) + (2 * 3.67) = 46.32

2. Total Credits = 4 + 3 + 3 + 2 = 12

3. SGPA = Total Grade Points / Total Credits = 46.32 / 12 ≈ 3.86

In this example, Alex’s SGPA for the third semester is approximately 3.86.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the formula for calculating SGPA?

The full form of SGPA is Semester Grade Point Average or more commonly referred to as SGPA. It is a measure of a student’s academic performance during the semester. It is calculated by dividing the total number of grade points earned by the total number of hours enrolled in the course.

How do you calculate Sgpa from CGPA?

SGPA is the cumulative sum of the average you have obtained from the entire year. You first need to find the sum of all your SGPAs throughout your academic year, and then you have to divide it by the total number of semesters you have had. Therefore, CGPA= (Sum of SGPA of all semesters in a year/ number of semesters).


Understanding how to calculate SGPA from CGPA empowers students to gauge their academic performance on a granular level. By delving into the intricacies of each semester, students can identify areas of strength and improvement. This process not only fosters a deeper connection with one’s educational journey but also serves as a tool for setting and achieving academic goals. So, the next time you come across these academic acronyms, remember that they hold the key to unlocking insights into your educational progress.

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