Safely Disposing of Dry Ice – A Step-by-Step Guide

how to dispose of dry ice

Dry ice, a solid form of carbon dioxide, is a remarkable substance known for its extreme cold temperature and the eerie fog it produces. It’s commonly used for various purposes, such as preserving perishable items and creating special effects in the entertainment industry. However, when it comes to disposing of dry ice, it’s crucial to handle it with care. In this article, we’ll discuss how to safely and responsibly dispose of dry ice to avoid potential hazards and environmental concerns.

Understanding Dry Ice

Before delving into the disposal process, it’s essential to understand the properties of dry ice. Dry ice is incredibly cold, with a temperature of -78.5 degrees Celsius (-109.3 degrees Fahrenheit). This extreme cold can cause severe frostbite or burns if it comes into direct contact with your skin. Additionally, dry ice sublimates, meaning it transforms from a solid into carbon dioxide gas as it warms up, which is a crucial factor in safe disposal.

Safety Precautions

Your safety should always be the top priority when handling dry ice. Before beginning the disposal process, make sure to

  • Wear Protective Gear Put on thick, insulated gloves, and safety goggles to protect your hands and eyes from potential exposure to extreme cold.
  • Work in a Well-Ventilated Area Perform the disposal in a space with good air circulation to prevent a buildup of carbon dioxide gas, which can displace oxygen and lead to asphyxiation in enclosed spaces.
  • Inform Others Let people in your vicinity know that you are working with dry ice to ensure they maintain a safe distance and are aware of any potential risks.

Wait for Sublimation

Dry ice sublimates over time, meaning it naturally changes from a solid into a gas as it warms up. The best way to dispose of dry ice is to let it sublimate entirely in a well-ventilated area. Do not attempt to speed up this process by adding water or heat, as this can be dangerous. Allow the dry ice to sit in an open container at room temperature until it has fully sublimated. This process can take anywhere from 24 to 48 hours, depending on the amount of dry ice.

Ventilation and Monitoring

While the dry ice is sublimating, make sure the area remains well-ventilated. Use fans or open windows and doors to ensure proper air circulation. Keep a close eye on the process and periodically check the dry ice to confirm that it has fully turned into gas. You can tell it has sublimated when no solid dry ice is left, and the container no longer shows signs of condensation.

Safe Disposal

Once the dry ice has completely sublimated, it’s safe to dispose of the container and any remaining residue. Here’s how

  • Double-Check Ensure that all the dry ice has indeed sublimated. Double-check the container to confirm there are no remnants left.
  • Dispose of the Container If the container is disposable, throw it in the trash. However, if it’s reusable, wash it with warm water and soap to remove any lingering residue before using it for other purposes.
  • Recycling Options Depending on your location, you may have the option to recycle the dry ice container. Check your local recycling guidelines for specific instructions.

Dispose of Carbon Dioxide Gas

During the sublimation process, the dry ice has transformed into carbon dioxide gas. This gas is harmless in open, well-ventilated areas, but you should still exercise caution when releasing it. To do so

  • Ventilation Ensure that the area where the carbon dioxide gas is being released remains well-ventilated.
  • Avoid Enclosed Spaces Do not release carbon dioxide gas in confined or unventilated areas to prevent the potential buildup of gas, which can be hazardous.

Environmental Considerations

Responsible disposal of dry ice extends beyond safety; it’s also about environmental consciousness. Dry ice is a non-toxic substance, and its primary environmental concern is related to the carbon dioxide it releases. While small quantities of carbon dioxide are not a significant concern, it’s still essential to be mindful of its impact on the environment. If you have concerns about carbon dioxide emissions, you can consider offsetting your carbon footprint by supporting carbon offset programs or reducing your overall carbon emissions in other ways.


Is it OK to put dry ice down the sink?

Never dispose of dry ice in a sink, toilet or other fixture; the temperature difference can destroy the plumbing. Do not leave dry ice unattended in open areas. Only package dry ice in containers that are appropriate (i.e., non-sealable and not damaged by cold temperatures).

How do I get rid of the dry ice?

The best thing to do is leave it outside, in a place that is out of the reach of children, pets, and the general public. A good idea is to leave the dry ice in the container it came in and set it outside, allowing it to sublimate, then dispose of the container.


Properly disposing of dry ice is a straightforward process that primarily involves waiting for it to sublimate in a well-ventilated area. The key is to prioritise safety, both for yourself and those around you. Be patient, allow the dry ice to sublimate naturally, and ensure proper ventilation throughout the process. With these precautions in mind, you can safely and responsibly dispose of dry ice without any hassle or risk. Additionally, being mindful of the environmental impact by considering carbon offset programs can make your dry ice disposal even more responsible and eco-friendly.

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