Basic First Aid for Common Injuries A Comprehensive Guide

How to perform basic first aid for common injuries


Accidents can happen anytime, anywhere, leaving us or those around us with injuries that require immediate attention. Knowing how to administer basic first aid can make a crucial difference in providing immediate relief and preventing further complications. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the essential steps to handle common injuries such as cuts, burns, sprains, and nosebleeds. Remember, practising first aid can save lives and offer reassurance in challenging situations.

Cuts and Scrapes 

Cuts and scrapes are everyday injuries that can range from minor to more severe. To treat them effectively, follow these steps

  • Clean your hands Always wash your hands before providing aid to prevent infection.
  • Stop the bleeding Apply gentle pressure with a clean cloth or sterile dressing. Elevate the injured area to reduce blood flow.
  • cClean the wound Rinse the cut with clean water to remove debris and dirt.
  • Apply antibiotic ointment To prevent infection, dab a thin layer of antibiotic ointment on the wound.
  • Cover the wound Protect the cut with a sterile adhesive bandage or gauze pad.
  • Monitor and change dressing Keep an eye on the wound and change the dressing regularly until it heals.


Burns can result from heat, chemicals, electricity, or radiation. Treating them promptly is essential to reduce pain and prevent infection.

  • Stop the burning process Remove the source of the burn or move the person away from it.
  • Cool the burn Run cool (not cold) water over the burn for 10-20 minutes or until the pain subsides.
  • Cover the burn Use a sterile non-stick bandage or clean cloth to cover the burn gently.
  • Pain relief Over-the-counter pain relievers can be used to alleviate discomfort.
  • Seek medical attention For severe burns, electrical burns, or chemical burns, seek immediate medical assistance.

Sprains and Strains 

Sprains and strains can happen during physical activities or accidents. Follow these steps to provide initial aid

  • Rest Advise the injured person to avoid putting weight on the affected area.
  • IceApply an ice pack wrapped in a cloth for 15-20 minutes to reduce swelling.
  • Compression Use an elastic bandage to compress the injured area gently.
  • Elevation Elevate the injured limb to minimise swelling.
  • Pain relief Over-the-counter pain relievers can help manage pain and inflammation.
  • Recovery and rehabilitation Encourage the individual to rest and follow up with a healthcare professional if necessary.


Nosebleeds are common and often occur due to dry air, allergies, or nose picking. To address a nosebleed

  • Sit up straight Keep your head elevated to reduce blood flow.
  • Pinch the nostrils Pinch both nostrils shut for 5-10 minutes, breathing through your mouth.
  • Apply ice: Applying an ice pack to the nose and cheeks can help constrict blood vessels.
  • Avoid blowing the nose Refrain from blowing your nose immediately after the bleeding stops.
  • Seek medical attention If the bleeding persists for more than 20 minutes or is the result of an injury, consult a healthcare professional.


What is the basic first aid for common injuries?

First, stop the bleeding. If the cut or scrape does not stop bleeding on its own, apply pressure to the wound with a clean cloth or clean gauze while keeping the wound elevated. Clean the injury using soap and warm water, apply antibiotic ointment and a bandage, and watch for signs of infection.

What are the 4 types of common injuries?

Dislocations. Electrical injuries. Fractures (broken bones) Sprains and strains.


Knowing how to administer basic first aid for common injuries is a valuable skill that can make a significant difference in emergencies. By promptly and correctly applying first aid techniques for cuts, burns, sprains, and nosebleeds, you can provide immediate relief and aid in the recovery process. Remember, it’s crucial to seek professional medical attention for severe injuries or if you’re unsure about the appropriate course of action. Stay informed, stay safe!

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