How to Properly Clean and Maintain Hardwood Floors A Guide to Long-lasting Beauty

How to properly clean and maintain hardwood floors


Hardwood floors are a timeless and elegant addition to any home, offering warmth, character, and durability. However, to preserve their natural beauty and ensure their longevity, proper cleaning and maintenance are essential. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the best practices for cleaning and maintaining hardwood floors to keep them looking stunning for generations to come.

Regular Dusting and Sweeping

Regular dusting and sweeping are the first steps in maintaining hardwood floors. Dust, dirt, and grit can act like sandpaper, scratching the floor’s surface and causing damage over time. Use a soft-bristled broom, microfiber dust mop, or a vacuum cleaner with a hardwood floor attachment to remove debris gently.

Avoid Excess Moisture

Moisture is hardwood floors’ enemy, so it’s crucial to avoid excessive water or liquid spills. Clean up any spills immediately using a dry cloth or paper towel. Also, be cautious with steam mops, as they can force moisture into the wood, potentially causing warping or cupping.

Use Appropriate Cleaning Products

When choosing cleaning products, opt for those specifically designed for hardwood floors. Avoid using harsh chemicals, ammonia, or abrasive cleaners, as they can strip the finish and damage the wood. Instead, use a mild, pH-balanced hardwood floor cleaner that is recommended by the flooring manufacturer.

Gently Clean Spots and Stains

For stubborn spots or stains, dampen a soft cloth with the recommended hardwood cleaner and gently rub the affected area. Avoid using excessive force or aggressive scrubbing, as this can damage the finish. If necessary, consider using a specialised hardwood floor stain remover for more challenging stains.

Protect from Furniture Scratches

Prevent scratches caused by furniture by using felt pads or furniture glides on the legs of chairs, tables, and other heavy pieces. When moving furniture, lift it rather than dragging it across the floor to avoid scratching.

Rugs and Mats

Strategically placed rugs and mats can be a great way to protect high-traffic areas and entryways. They can trap dirt and moisture before it reaches the hardwood floor, reducing the risk of damage. However, avoid using rubber-backed or non-ventilated rugs, as they can trap moisture and cause discoloration over time.

Control Humidity Levels

Wood is sensitive to changes in humidity, and fluctuations can lead to expansion and contraction of the planks. Use a humidifier in dry conditions and a dehumidifier in humid climates to maintain a consistent humidity level, ideally between 35% to 55%. This helps minimise the risk of warping or gapping in the hardwood.

Schedule Professional Maintenance

Periodically, it is advisable to have professional maintenance to keep your hardwood floors in top condition. Professionals can perform deep cleaning, resealing, or refinishing, depending on the state of your floors. A professional inspection can also help detect any potential issues early on, preventing further damage.

Sunlight Protection

Excessive exposure to sunlight can cause the wood to fade or change colour over time. Use curtains, blinds, or UV-protective window films to shield your hardwood floors from direct sunlight, especially in rooms with large windows.


How do I keep my hardwood floors clean everyday?

You need to sweep hardwood once a day, but your typical broom isn’t going to cut it. Invest in a dust mop such as the O-Cedar Dual-Action Microfiber Sweeper (which is what I use) or something similar. These mops have wide heads that trap dust without making micro scratches in the floor’s finish.

Is it OK to mop wood floors everyday?

The best way to clean hardwood floors and keep them in shape is to stick to a regular schedule of maintenance. Sweep, dust or dry mop daily. Vacuum weekly. Clean heavy-traffic areas with a damp mop twice a month.


By following these essential tips, you can properly clean and maintain your hardwood floors, preserving their natural beauty and ensuring their longevity for years to come. Regular dusting and sweeping, avoiding excess moisture, using appropriate cleaning products, and protecting from furniture scratches are some of the primary measures you should take. Additionally, controlling humidity levels, using rugs and mats, scheduling professional maintenance, and protecting from sunlight will contribute to the long-lasting charm of your hardwood floors.

Remember, caring for your hardwood floors is an investment that pays off with a stunning and durable foundation for your home, making it a place of timeless beauty and comfort.

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