A Step-by-Step Guide on Running Python Programs

how to run python program


Python, a versatile and widely-used programming language, offers a powerful and flexible environment for various applications. If you’re new to Python or looking for a refresher on how to run Python programs, this article will provide a comprehensive guide with step-by-step instructions.

Install Python 

Before running Python programs, you’ll need to have Python installed on your computer. Visit the official Python website (python.org) and download the latest version compatible with your operating system. Follow the installation instructions, making sure to select the option to add Python to your system’s PATH variable.

Set Up an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) 

While Python programs can be run directly from the command line, using an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) can greatly enhance your coding experience. IDEs like PyCharm, Visual Studio Code, and Anaconda offer features such as code autocompletion, debugging tools, and project management.

Write Your Python Program 

Using your preferred text editor or IDE, open a new file and write your Python code. Begin with the necessary import statements, followed by defining functions, variables, or classes. Ensure the code is properly structured and formatted to enhance readability. Save the file with a `.py` extension, which signifies a Python source file.

Run Python Programs from the Command Line 

To run a Python program from the command line, open the terminal or command prompt and navigate to the directory where the program file is saved. Type `python` followed by the name of your Python file, like this: `python program.py`. Press Enter, and the program will execute, displaying the output, if any, on the screen.

Use an IDE to Run Python Programs 

If you prefer using an IDE, open your Python program file in the IDE of your choice. Locate the “Run” or “Execute” option in the IDE’s menu or toolbar. Clicking this option will run your program. The IDE will execute the Python code and display the output in a dedicated console or terminal window within the IDE.

Troubleshooting and Debugging 

While running Python programs, you may encounter errors or unexpected behavior. Python provides error messages that can help identify the issue. Review the error message and the corresponding line number to pinpoint the problem. Debugging tools available in IDEs allow you to set breakpoints, step through the code, and inspect variables to identify and resolve issues effectively.


How do I run a Python program?

The most basic and easy way to run a Python script is by using the python command. You need to open a command line and type the word python followed by the path to your script file like this: python first_script.py Hello World! Then you hit the ENTER button from the keyboard, and that’s it.

How do I save and run a Python program?

Right-click the Python window and select Save As to save your code either as a Python file (. py) or Text file (. txt). If saving to a Python file, only the Python code will be saved.

Where can I ask questions for Python?

The official Python Community forums are hosted at discuss.python.org. If you’re looking for additional forums or forums in your native language, please check out the local user groups page at the Python Wiki.


Running Python programs is a straightforward process, whether you choose to run them from the command line or use an IDE. By following the steps outlined in this article, you’ll be able to execute your Python code and gain insights into its behavior, helping you become more proficient in Python programming.

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