Mastering Push Ups A Comprehensive Guide on Technique and Timing

How to and when to do pushups


Pushups are one of the most effective bodyweight exercises for building upper body strength and endurance. However, performing push ups with incorrect form or at the wrong time can lead to ineffective results or even injuries. In this article, we will provide a step-by-step guide on how to do push ups correctly, along with insights into when it is the best time to incorporate them into your fitness routine. By mastering push ups, you can develop a strong and toned upper body while reaping the full benefits of this fundamental exercise.

Perfecting Pushup Technique

  • Hand Placement Start by positioning your hands slightly wider than shoulder-width apart on the ground, fingers facing forward or slightly outward. Ensure your hands are aligned with your chest.
  • Body Alignment Maintain a straight line from your head to your heels, engaging your core and glutes. Avoid arching your back or letting your hips sag.
  • Elbow Position Bend your elbows and lower your body, keeping them at a 45-degree angle to your torso. This position reduces stress on the shoulders and engages the chest, triceps, and shoulders effectively.
  • Range of Motion Lower your body until your chest is just above the ground, or as close as you can comfortably go. Push yourself back up to the starting position, fully extending your arms without locking your elbows.
  • Breathing Inhale as you lower your body and exhale as you push back up. This controlled breathing technique helps stabilize your core and maintain focus.
  • Repetitions and Sets Begin with a manageable number of repetitions, such as 8 to 10, and gradually increase as you gain strength. Aim for 2 to 3 sets, with brief rest periods in between.

When to Incorporate Push Ups into Your Routine

  • Warm-Up Always warm up before performing pushups. Engage in dynamic stretches, such as arm circles and shoulder rolls, to prepare your upper body for the exercise.
  • Prioritize Proper Form Quality over quantity is crucial when it comes to pushups. Focus on executing each rep with proper technique rather than rushing through them. As you progress, gradually increase the number of pushups while maintaining good form.
  • Balancing Your Workout Incorporate push ups into your routine based on your fitness goals. If your aim is strength-building, perform push ups earlier in your workout when you have more energy. For endurance and muscle-toning, they can be placed towards the end of your routine.
  • Alternate Training Days Allow your muscles at least 48 hours of rest between pushup sessions to recover and rebuild. This prevents overtraining and reduces the risk of injury.
  • Modify Intensity If you are new to pushups or have limitations, start with modified variations, such as inclined or knee push ups. As you become more proficient, progress to standard pushups and even challenging variations like diamond or one-arm pushups.
  • Listen to Your Body Pay attention to any discomfort or pain during pushups. If you experience joint or muscle pain, adjust your form or consult a fitness professional to avoid potential injuries.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is important while doing push-ups?

Look down as you do your push-ups to make sure your spine is in line from your neck all the way down. Lower your body toward the ground, using controlled movement, until your elbows are at 90-degree angles. Then push back up to a plank position. For best results, lower slowly and push up quickly.

How often should I do push ups?

How Many Push-Ups Should You Be Doing? If you’re just starting out, Capritto suggests incorporating push-ups into your workout routine between one and three times a week, each time performing three sets of 5 to 10 push-ups. If you can’t do a full, traditional push-up with good form, start with modified push-ups.


By following proper technique and integrating push ups into your fitness routine strategically, you can reap the maximum benefits of this versatile exercise. Remember to start with correct form, gradually increase the number of repetitions, and give your body ample time to rest and recover. Pushups can be an excellent addition to any workout regimen, enhancing upper body strength, endurance, and overall fitness. Embrace the challenge, stay consistent, and enjoy the transformative effects of mastering pushups.

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