Unveiling The Mystery A Guide to Finding the Square Root

How to find out square root


The concept of square roots has fascinated mathematicians for centuries. Finding the square root of a number may seem challenging, especially for complex or large values. However, with the right approach and a little mathematical know-how, anyone can unravel this mathematical mystery. In this article, we will delve into the techniques and methods used to find square roots and equip you with the tools to confidently tackle square root calculations.

Understanding Square Roots

Before we dive into the methods of finding square roots, let’s clarify what they actually are. The square root of a number, denoted by the symbol √, is the value that, when multiplied by itself, yields the original number. For example, the square root of 16 is 4, as 4 * 4 = 16. Square roots are essential in various fields, including mathematics, physics, and engineering.


A simple way to find an approximate square root is through estimation. By observing the perfect squares closest to the number in question, you can gauge its square root. For example, the square root of 45 lies between the perfect squares of 36 (6 * 6 = 36) and 49 (7 * 7 = 49), indicating that the square root of 45 is slightly greater than 6 and less than 7.

Prime Factorization

Another method to find square roots is through prime factorization. Begin by breaking down the number into its prime factors. Pair the prime factors in twos and extract one factor from each pair. Multiply the extracted factors to obtain the square root. For instance, for the number 100, the prime factorization is 2 * 2 * 5 * 5. Taking one factor from each pair (2 and 5) and multiplying them gives us the square root of 100, which is 10.

Long Division

Long division is a reliable method for finding square roots. It involves dividing the number into groups of two digits, starting from the leftmost side. Begin by determining the largest possible value for the square root’s first digit and then subtract its square from the leftmost group. Bring down the next pair of digits and find the next digit for the square root. Repeat this process until all digits have been accounted for. This method may be time-consuming but provides accurate results.

Using a Calculator or Software

In today’s digital age, calculators and mathematical software have simplified the process of finding square roots. Most scientific calculators have built-in functions to calculate square roots instantly. Additionally, numerous online tools and software programs are available that can quickly provide accurate square root values with just a few clicks.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the easiest square root?

The easiest square roots are ones that factor directly into squares, such as √100, but more complicated ones involve several square roots, such as √225

What is the general rule of square root?

A square root works in the opposite way. For instance, if you square 3, you get 9, and if you “take the square root of 9”, you get 3 (i.e. 32 = 9 so √9 = 3). In general, a square root of a number is a value that can be multiplied by itself to give the original number.


Finding square roots may initially seem daunting, but armed with the right techniques, it becomes an accessible task. Estimation, prime factorization, long division, and leveraging digital tools are all effective methods to uncover the square root of any number. Understanding these techniques not only enhances our mathematical prowess but also equips us with problem-solving skills applicable in various fields. So, whether you’re an aspiring mathematician or simply curious about the beauty of numbers, exploring the realm of square roots is a worthwhile endeavor.

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