Mastering Excel A Comprehensive Guide to Multiplication

how to multiply in excel


Microsoft Excel is a powerful tool for data analysis, and one of its fundamental operations is multiplication. Whether you’re managing finances, analyzing sales data, or performing complex calculations, knowing how to multiply in Excel can significantly enhance your productivity. In this article, we will provide a step-by-step guide to mastering the art of multiplication in Excel, exploring various techniques, formulas, and useful tips to help you make the most out of this versatile software.

Understanding Basic Multiplication

Before delving into advanced techniques, let’s start with the basics. Excel uses a formula-based approach to perform calculations, and multiplication is no exception. The most straightforward method is to use the asterisk (*) symbol to denote multiplication. For example, to multiply two numbers, such as 5 and 10, simply type “=5*10” into a cell and press Enter. The result, 50, will appear in the cell.

Applying Multiplication to Multiple Cells 

Excel allows you to perform multiplication across a range of cells effortlessly. To do this, select the target cell and enter the multiplication formula using the asterisk (*) symbol. Next, instead of pressing Enter, press Ctrl+Enter. Excel will apply the formula to all the selected cells, populating them with the corresponding results. This technique is particularly useful when dealing with large datasets or performing repetitive calculations.

Using the PRODUCT Function 

The PRODUCT function is an Excel built-in function that enables you to multiply multiple numbers in a single formula. It eliminates the need to manually enter the asterisk (*) symbol between each number. To utilize this function, type “=PRODUCT(” followed by the numbers you want to multiply, separated by commas, and close the bracket. For instance, “=PRODUCT(2, 4, 6)” will yield the result 48. This function is especially handy when dealing with long lists of numbers or when the number of values is subject to change.

Multiplying Columns and Rows 

Excel also offers convenient methods to multiply entire columns or rows of numbers. To multiply the values within a column, enter the multiplication formula in the first cell of the target column and press Enter. Then, click and drag the fill handle (a small square in the bottom-right corner of the cell) downwards to populate the rest of the column with the multiplication results. Similarly, to multiply values within a row, enter the formula in the first cell of the target row and drag the fill handle across the subsequent cells.


How many formulas in Excel?

Excel has over 475 formulas in its Functions Library, from simple mathematics to very complex statistical, logical, and engineering tasks such as IF statements (one of our perennial favorite stories); AND, OR, NOT functions; COUNT, AVERAGE, and MIN/MAX.

What is the basic formula?

Formula is an expression that calculates values in a cell or in a range of cells. For example, =A2+A2+A3+A4 is a formula that adds up the values in cells A2 through A4.


Mastering the art of multiplication in Excel is a valuable skill for anyone working with numbers and data. By understanding the basic multiplication operation using the asterisk (*) symbol, applying multiplication to multiple cells, utilizing the PRODUCT function, and multiplying entire columns or rows, you can perform complex calculations quickly and efficiently. Excel’s versatility extends beyond simple arithmetic, enabling you to analyze data, create dynamic reports, and automate tasks. With practice and experimentation, you’ll gain confidence in using these multiplication techniques, transforming Excel into a powerful tool for enhancing your productivity and decision-making capabilities in various personal and professional contexts.

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