Troubleshooting The Dreaded Blue Screen of Death (BSOD) in Windows 10

How to troubleshoot bsod windows 10


The Blue Screen of Death (BSOD) is a notorious error screen that has haunted Windows users for decades. In Windows 10, while Microsoft has made significant improvements to the operating system’s stability, BSODs can still occur due to various reasons. These dreaded blue screens can be frustrating and alarming, but fear not. In this article, we will guide you through a comprehensive troubleshooting process to help you identify and resolve BSOD issues on your Windows 10 computer.

Understanding the BSOD

Before diving into troubleshooting, it’s crucial to understand what the BSOD is and why it occurs. The BSOD is a safety mechanism in Windows that triggers when the operating system encounters a critical error it cannot recover from. It aims to prevent potential damage to your hardware and data by forcibly shutting down your computer.

Gather Information

When a BSOD occurs, Windows usually provides an error message accompanied by a stop code. Take a moment to write down or photograph this information, as it will be valuable during the troubleshooting process. This data can help pinpoint the cause of the BSOD.

Check for Windows Updates

Outdated system files or drivers are common culprits behind BSOD errors. Ensure that your Windows 10 is up-to-date by checking for and installing any available updates. To do this, go to Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update.

Update Device Drivers

Obsolete or incompatible device drivers can trigger BSODs. To update your drivers, open the Device Manager (search for it in the Start menu) and right-click on each device with a yellow triangle icon indicating an issue. Select “Update driver” and follow the on-screen instructions.

Check for Hardware Issues

Hardware problems like faulty RAM, overheating, or a failing hard drive can lead to BSOD errors. Run built-in Windows diagnostics tools like Windows Memory Diagnostic to check your RAM or Disk Check to assess your hard drive’s health.

Uninstall Problematic Software

Some software applications or drivers may be incompatible with your system, causing BSODs. Try uninstalling any recently installed software or drivers that coincide with the onset of the BSODs.

Review Recent Hardware Changes

If you recently added new hardware components, such as a graphics card or RAM, ensure that they are correctly installed and compatible with your system. Incompatibilities or loose connections can lead to BSODs.

Scan for Malware

Malware infections can interfere with your system’s stability. Perform a full system scan using Windows Defender or a reputable third-party antivirus program to rule out malware as a potential cause.

Examine System Files

Corrupted system files can trigger BSODs. Use the built-in System File Checker tool (sfc /scannow) in Command Prompt to scan and repair corrupted files.

Check for Overheating

Overheating can lead to hardware failures and BSODs. Ensure that your computer’s cooling system is functioning correctly and that vents are not obstructed. You can use third-party tools like HWMonitor to monitor your system’s temperature.

Disable Automatic Restart

By default, Windows 10 automatically restarts your computer after a BSOD, making it challenging to analyze the error. Disable this feature by going to Control Panel > System > Advanced system settings > Advanced > Startup and Recovery. Uncheck the “Automatically restart” option under “System failure.”

Analyze Dump Files

Windows generates dump files (minidumps) during BSODs, which can provide detailed information about the error. Analyze these files using tools like BlueScreenView or WinDbg to identify the culprit.

Restore or Reset Windows

If all else fails, you may consider restoring your system to a previous state using System Restore or performing a Windows 10 Reset. These options can help resolve BSODs caused by persistent software issues.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I troubleshoot BSOD in Windows 10?

Just go to Start > Settings > Update & Security > Troubleshoot > Find & fix other problems > Blue Screen. Click “Run the troubleshooter” to see if it can identify your problem. If this does not work, you could also try to troubleshoot your BSOD errors online at Microsoft.

What is another name for BSOD?

The Blue Screen of Death (BSoD), Blue screen error, Blue Screen, fatal error, or bugcheck, and officially known as a Stop error, is a critical error screen displayed by the Microsoft Windows and ReactOS operating systems in the event of a fatal system error.


Dealing with the Blue Screen of Death in Windows 10 can be a daunting task, but armed with the knowledge and steps outlined in this article, you are well-equipped to troubleshoot and resolve these issues. Remember that BSODs often have diverse causes, so be patient and persistent in your troubleshooting efforts. Whether it’s updating drivers, checking for hardware problems, or analyzing dump files, each step brings you closer to a stable and error-free Windows 10 experience.

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