Simplifying The Process A Comprehensive Guide on How to Issue Shares

How to issue shares


Issuing shares is a crucial aspect of corporate financing and plays a pivotal role in the growth and development of businesses. It allows companies to raise capital, attract investors, and expand operations. However, the process of issuing shares can be complex and daunting for entrepreneurs and business owners. In this article, we will provide a step-by-step guide on how to issue shares, simplifying the process and offering valuable insights to ensure a successful share issuance.

Determine the Need for Share Issuance

Before embarking on the journey of issuing shares, it is essential to assess the need for additional capital. Evaluate your company’s financial requirements, growth plans, and investment opportunities. Determine whether issuing shares is the most suitable option for funding. Shares can be issued to raise capital for various purposes such as expanding operations, investing in research and development, or reducing debt. Understanding the purpose behind issuing shares is crucial in formulating an effective share issuance strategy.

Choose the Type of Shares

Companies can issue different types of shares, such as common shares and preferred shares. Common shares provide shareholders with voting rights and ownership in the company, while preferred shares offer priority in receiving dividends and liquidation proceeds. Carefully analyze your company’s requirements and consult with legal and financial professionals to determine the most appropriate type of shares to issue.

Set the Issue Price and Number of Shares

Determining the issue price and the number of shares is a crucial step in the share issuance process. Conduct a thorough valuation of your company to assess its worth. Factors such as financial performance, growth prospects, industry comparisons, and market conditions should be considered. Consult with experts to ensure an accurate valuation. Once the valuation is complete, decide on the issue price per share and calculate the number of shares to be issued accordingly.

Comply with Regulatory Requirements

Issuing shares involves complying with various legal and regulatory requirements. Familiarize yourself with the applicable laws, regulations, and reporting obligations in your jurisdiction. Prepare the necessary legal documentation, including prospectus or offering memorandum, subscription agreements, and shareholder agreements. Ensure compliance with securities laws, stock exchange regulations, and disclosure requirements. Seeking legal counsel is highly recommended to navigate through the complexities of the regulatory landscape and ensure compliance.

Market and Promote the Share Offering

To attract investors, it is crucial to effectively market and promote the share offering. Craft a compelling investment thesis highlighting the company’s growth potential, competitive advantage, and financial prospects. Develop a comprehensive marketing strategy, including roadshows, presentations, and online campaigns. Leverage various communication channels to reach potential investors and create awareness about the share offering.

Allocate and Issue Shares

Once investor interest is generated, allocate the shares based on the subscription agreements and the regulatory guidelines. Follow the prescribed process to issue and transfer the shares to the investors. Maintain accurate records and ensure compliance with the relevant share registration requirements. Promptly issue share certificates or electronic statements to the shareholders, confirming their ownership.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the rules regarding issue of shares?

Under Section 81 of the Companies Act, the existing shareholders have a right to subscribe, in their existing proportion, to the fresh issue of capital or to reject the offer, or sell their rights. The existing shareholders can authorize the company by passing a special resolution to offer such shares to the public.

What are the two types of issue of shares?

A company typically issues two types of shares Equity and Preference shares. The money raised by issuing equity shares is referred to as Equity share capital, whereas money raised by issuing preference shares is referred to as Preference share capital.


Issuing shares is a critical process for businesses seeking to raise capital and expand their operations. By understanding the step-by-step process outlined in this article, entrepreneurs and business owners can simplify the share issuance procedure and enhance their chances of success. However, it is important to seek professional advice from legal and financial experts to ensure compliance with regulatory requirements and to make informed decisions throughout the share issuance journey.

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